草本花卉常见病害有哪些如何防治

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  防治方法:主要应改善栽培条件,控制温度、湿度,注意通风透光。栽培中应少施氮肥,多施磷钾肥,以增加植株抗性。发病初期要及时摘去侵染的叶片和花梗,并集中烧掉或将病株隔离。可喷布50%托布津1000倍液或用50%退菌特1000倍液防治,也可用1000倍5%代森铵水溶液喷布。

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  (1)碎倒病 病菌侵染播种幼苗的嫩茎基部则幼苗很快自地面处倒伏,常见于一串红、瓜叶菊、翠菊、鸡冠花、香石竹等幼苗阶段。病原菌多在土壤表层,当土壤温度达到20℃以上时,湿度达到饱和状态病菌即开始危害植株。露地栽培以5月中旬至8月发病率最高温室或温床多在幼苗具1-2片真叶时发病。

  (3)根结线虫病 危害花卉根部的重要病害。常见危害的草本花卉有金鱼草、凤仙花、一串红、鸡冠花、翠菊、飞燕草等。感病植株地上部分表现生长衰弱植株矮小,叶片发黄、萎蔫,花小。地下部分表现为侧根及须根上形成大小不等的瘤状物,表面略粗糙,切开小瘤,可见瘤中有乳白色发亮的粒状物,为线虫的虫体。雌虫在寄生植物内或土壤中产卵,卵在温暖的土壤中2~3日即可孵化成幼虫,遇适合的植物根,即从根皮侵入,由于分泌物的刺激植物根部被害处肿大形成瘤状物。线厘米左右的土层中最多,线℃。

  防治方法:首先必须对育苗用土彻底消毒。在播种前对易染病的草花种子用种子重量0.2%的赛力散拌种。幼苗出土后可每平方米灌溉1%的硫酸亚铁2-4公斤进行预防,并应及早间苗加强通风。

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  防治方法:要严格实行植物检疫,防止病害传播到无病区或轻病区选无根瘤线虫的土壤进行育苗或轮作,对发病严重的花圃应进行土壤消毒化学防治.可用20%二澳氯丙烷处理土壤,用药量每平方米5~8克,或用4%涕灭威颗粒剂每平方米20克,也可用3%呋喃丹颗粒剂每平方米15克。

  由真菌、细菌、病毒、线虫等,在植物体寄生所引起的疾病是侵染性的病害,以真菌病害最常见,其病原都是生物,它们能繁殖传播,在适宜环境下能迅速蔓延扩大,造成灾害。这类病害在草本花卉常见的有以下几种:

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  0)if(i=o.shift(),0!=i.length){if(void 0===s[i]o.length0&!t.isPlainObject(s[i]))return r;s=s[i]}return t.isPlainObject(s)?t.extend({},s):s},e.setConfig=function(i,s){if(!i)return e.events.trigger(warn.config,setConfig parameter key is null or undefined),e;if(t.isPlainObject(i))return r(!0,n,i),e;for(var o,u,a=n,f=i.split(.),l=!1;f.length>

  (3)\u6839\u7ed3\u7ebf\u866b\u75c5 \u5371\u5bb3\u82b1\u5349\u6839\u90e8\u7684\u91cd\u8981\u75c5\u5bb3\u3002\u5e38\u89c1\u5371\u5bb3\u7684\u8349\u672c\u82b1\u5349\u6709\u91d1\u9c7c\u8349\u3001\u51e4\u4ed9\u82b1\u3001\u4e00\u4e32\u7ea2\u3001\u9e21\u51a0\u82b1\u3001\u7fe0\u83ca\u3001\u98de\u71d5\u8349\u7b49\u3002\u611f\u75c5\u690d\u682a\u5730\u4e0a\u90e8\u5206\u8868\u73b0\u751f\u957f\u8870\u5f31\u690d\u682a\u77ee\u5c0f\uff0c\u53f6\u7247\u53d1\u9ec4\u3001\u840e\u852b\uff0c\u82b1\u5c0f\u3002\u5730\u4e0b\u90e8\u5206\u8868\u73b0\u4e3a\u4fa7\u6839\u53ca\u987b\u6839\u4e0a\u5f62\u6210\u5927\u5c0f\u4e0d\u7b49\u7684\u7624\u72b6\u7269\uff0c\u8868\u9762\u7565\u7c97\u7cd9\uff0c\u5207\u5f00\u5c0f\u7624\uff0c\u53ef\u89c1\u7624\u4e2d\u6709\u4e73\u767d\u8272\u53d1\u4eae\u7684\u7c92\u72b6\u7269\uff0c\u4e3a\u7ebf\u866b\u7684\u866b\u4f53\u3002\u96cc\u866b\u5728\u5bc4\u751f\u690d\u7269\u5185\u6216\u571f\u58e4\u4e2d\u4ea7\u5375\uff0c\u5375\u5728\u6e29\u6696\u7684\u571f\u58e4\u4e2d2\uff5e3\u65e5\u5373\u53ef\u5b75\u5316\u6210\u5e7c\u866b\uff0c\u9047\u9002\u5408\u7684\u690d\u7269\u6839\uff0c\u5373\u4ece\u6839\u76ae\u4fb5\u5165\uff0c\u7531\u4e8e\u5206\u6ccc\u7269\u7684\u523a\u6fc0\u690d\u7269\u6839\u90e8\u88ab\u5bb3\u5904\u80bf\u5927\u5f62\u6210\u7624\u72b6\u7269\u3002\u7ebf\u866b\u4e3b\u8981\u5728\u571f\u58e4\u8868\u9762\u4e0b5\uff5e23\u5398\u7c73\u5904\uff0c\u4ee510\u5398\u7c73\u5de6\u53f3\u7684\u571f\u5c42\u4e2d\u6700\u591a\uff0c\u7ebf\u866b\u6d3b\u52a8\u9002\u5b9c\u6e29\u5ea6\u4e3a12\uff5e18\u2103\u3002

  (2)白粉病 病菌危害植物的叶、嫩梢、花柄等部位,甚至全株。发病部位初期淡灰色,继而生出一层白粉状或茸毛状物。当它们布满叶片以后使叶内卷,嫩梢弯曲停止生长。有时也侵染未开放的花蕾,最后造成落叶或使植株死亡。白粉病发生的特点是:当气温达到18~30℃.空气相对湿度为55%~85%,环境比较闷热,不通风时最易发生。

未经允许不得转载:网上买马网站-最好买马网址-网上买马哪个网站最好2019 »草本花卉常见病害有哪些如何防治


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